Tag Archives: 1984

NINETEEN EIGHTY-FOUR (1984) by GEORGE ORWELL

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 Nineteen Eighty-Four (first published in 1949) by George Orwell is a dystopian novel about Oceania, a society ruled by the oligarchical dictatorship of the Party.  Life in the Oceanian province of Airstrip One is a world of perpetual war, pervasive government surveillance, and incessant public mind control, accomplished with a political system euphemistically named English Socialism (Ingsoc), which is administered by a privileged Inner Party elite. Yet they too are subordinated to the totalitarian cult of personality of Big Brother, the deified Party leader who rules with a philosophy that decries individuality and reason as thought crimes; thus the people of Oceania are subordinated to a supposed collective greater good. The protagonist, Winston Smith, is a member of the Outer Party who works for the Ministry of Truth (Minitrue), which is responsible for propaganda and historical revisionism. His job is to re-write past newspaper articles so that the historical record is congruent with the current party ideology.  Because of the childhood trauma of the destruction of his family — the disappearances of his parents and sister — Winston Smith secretly hates the Party, and dreams of rebellion against Big Brother.

As literary political fiction and as dystopian science-fiction, Nineteen Eighty-Four is a classic novel in content, plot, and style. Many of its terms and concepts, such as Big Brother, doublethinkthoughtcrimeNewspeak,  and memory hole, have become contemporary vernacular since its publication in 1949.  Moreover, Nineteen Eighty-Four popularized the adjective Orwellian, which refers to official deception, secret surveillance, and manipulation of the past in service to a totalitarian or manipulative political agenda.

George Orwell “encapsulate[d] the thesis at the heart of his unforgiving novel” in 1944, and three years later wrote most of it on the Scottish island of Jura, during the 1947–48 period, despite being critically tubercular. On December 4, 1948, he sent the final manuscript to the Secker and Warburg editorial house who published Nineteen Eighty-Four on June 8, 1949.  By 1989, it had been translated in to some 65 languages, the greatest number for any English-language novel at the time.

The title of the novel, its terms, its Newspeak language, and the author’s surname are contemporary bywords for privacy lost to the State; while the adjective Orwellian connotes a totalitarian dystopia characterized by government control and subjugation of the people. As a language, Newspeak applies different meanings to things and actions by referring only to the end to be achieved, not the means of achieving it; hence, the Ministry of Peace (Minipax) deals with war, and the Ministry of Love (Miniluv) deals with brainwashing and torture. The Ministries do achieve their goals; peace through war, and love of Big Brother through mind control.  (Wikipedia.org)

NEVER ALONE

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Watch this brilliant animated video:  Nothing To Fear

“…government emerges with regularity on planets where the citizens abandon personal responsibility for autonomous, self-regulation. They frequently lose their freedom…”

— Excerpted from the book “Alien Interview”, edited by Lawrence R. Spencer

DOUBLETHINK

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DOUBLETHINK — “To know and to not know, to be conscious of complete truthfulness while telling carefully constructed lies, to hold simultaneously two opinions which cancelled out, knowing them to be contradictory and believing in both of them, to use logic against logic, to repudiate morality while laying claim to it, to believe that democracy is impossible and that the Party was the guardian of democracy. To forget, whatever it was necessary to forget, then to draw it back into memory again at the moment when it was needed, and then promptly to forget it again, and above all, to apply the same process to the process itself.”

~ George Orwell, from the book 1984

PSYCHOBABBLE

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The word “psychology” means, literally:  Psyche (The Spirit or Soul) + -ology  (the study of).  However, the so-called “science” of psychiatry is nothing whatsoever to do with Spirits or Souls.  Instead it is a mind control operation funded primarily by governments, as developed, originally, by Nazi medical doctors working to exterminate the “undesirables” of human populations.

Here is a wonderful article about the current “thinking” and “innovation” of the “Priests of Modern Mental Science”.  The Lords of Government Mind Control are working VERY hard to invent more new ways to confuse, befuddle and submerge our Immortal Spiritual Selves in a morass of mind-control double-speak, total bullshit, psychiatric chemicals and outright fantasy they pass off on the human population as “scientific fact”.  These are the very beings that George Orwell warned us about in the book 1984.  And, the very same “prison guards” described in the military transcripts published in the book Alien Interview.

These maniacs are behind every single school yard shooting massacre, every war, and every covert operation being run by every secret service activity on planet Earth.   This report illustrates the mind-boggling nonsense of the “science of psychobabble”.  Beware and avoid.

“What Are They Doing?  My Visit to a Psychology Conference

(Reposted from Neatorama) Article by Alice Shirrell Kaswell, AIR Staff, Interpretive Illustrations by Marian Parry

“In April [1998], it was my privilege to attend the joint convention of the Western Psychological Association and the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association (WRMPA). The four-day event took place at the Albuquerque Convention Center, in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Wandering from room to room, I found many surprising and delightful things.

Terror
For me, the highlight of the convention was a lecture—a prestigious “invited presentation”—by Jeff Greenberg of the University of Arizona. The topic was “Managing the Terror of Being Human: Theory and Research”. The man knows his subject cold, as you can see from this description he wrote in the convention guidebook:

Biography
My terror began in the Bronx in 1954. It was amplified by my undergraduate experience at Penn and my graduate training at SMU and the University of Kansas. It has continued to grow over my 15 years at the University of Arizona.

Ignore the Face
I also enjoyed a lecture by Joseph J. Campos of the University of California at Berkeley. Campos raised the question, “Does the Face Really ‘Express’ Emotions?” His answer was a ringing No, “except under very special conditions.”

Fluid Meaning
I accidentally touched off a minor incident the day after Georgia Tech professor Randy Engle gave a presentation on the topic “Working Memory Capacity, Controlled Attention and General Fluid Intelligence”. I asked nine experienced psychology professors to define the phrase “general fluid intelligence”. None of them could, although one did opine that “the lecturer probably knows what it means.”

Poster Sessions: Smells, Oils, a Princess, and Hair
Although there were many stimulating lectures, the most exciting action was in the poster sessions. In case you’ve never been to a poster session, I should explain the general idea. Dozens of student teams, and the occasional professor, each hung up a poster describingv their recent projects. In each session, you can stroll the aisles and see anywhere from 20 to 50 or more posters.

The first poster session, held on Thursday at 9:00 a.m., celebrated the general themes “Human Learning, Memory, and Cognition.” I was especially roused by three special posters: “Effects of Pleasant Ambient Odor on Memory Recall;” “Flash-bulb Memories for the Death of Princess Diana;” and “Essential Oils’ Effects on Memory.”

An 11:00 a.m. poster session concerned “Applied Psychology.” One poster discoursed on “The Effects of Odor and Stress on Mood.” Another, more abstruse, was entitled “Perceived Age of Teenage Females: Effect of Complexion, Makeup, Hairstyle, and Apparel.” I found it provocative.

A 1:00 p.m. poster session delved into “Social Issues”, and featured a gem of a poster called “The Influence of Male Facial Hair on Perceptions of Age.” It, too, must be described as provocative.

vBoredom
The convention was a multi-ring circus, with more simultaneous wonders than any one person could take in. Also at 1:00, but down the hall from the poster session, Mary B. Harris and Keith Zvoch of the University of New Mexico presented their paper on “Boredom and Boredom Proneness in College Students.” Some members of the audience found it stimulating.

More Smells, Parking, and Arousal
Friday morning was lovely in Albuquerque, with pink and blue skies, comfy temperatures, and psychologists in every nook and cranny. The 10:00 poster session was all about “Brain Function and Sensory Process.” There was an impressively worded poster entitled “Anterior EEG Asymmetry and Odor Hedonics: Gender Effects”. Not far away, an anxious crowd perused a poster called “Human Foraging Strategies: Outcomes for Campus Parking.” A knot of students pored intently over a poster called “Arousal, Sleep, and Time Perspective in University Students.” Sadly, only a few of them even glanced at the poster with the most intriguing title: “Can a Rat Who Has Never Known Water Know Thirst?”

Smiles Different Similarities, Photos
A noontime poster session on “Social-Personality Psychology” contained two special treats: “How Smiling and Pupil Dilation Affect Perceived Personality” and “Stereotype Reduction Through Similarity Differences.”

The noon hour also featured another prestigious “invited presentation” in the main ballroom. Roger S. Ulrich of Texas A&M University described his research on patients in surgical recovery rooms. As the patients emerge from their anesthetic haze, Ulrich shows them big color photographs of the great outdoors. If I understood him correctly, Ulrich said that this “improves health outcomes,” and that therefore his is actively marketing his services to hospitals and clinics.

At 1:20 in the same ballroom, the editor of the Annals of Improbable Research delivered another of the convention’s “invited presentations.” The topic was “Improbable Research and the Ig Nobel Prizes.” Curiously this was the only session in four days in which I saw people laughing. It began at 1:20 rather than 1:00 on the dot because the previous lecturer, Roger S. Ulrich, wouldn’t stop talking about how hospitals should buy his nature photos.

Punching, Dolls, and Car Characters
The Friday 1:00 poster session treated us to research on the following topics: “Boxer and Spectators: Perceptions and Characteristics of Pugilism”; “Body Satisfaction in Relation to Media Exposure, Self-Monitoring, and Barbie Doll Ownership”; “Effects of Descriptive Norms and Self-Awareness on Littering”; and my favorite of the day, “Car Color: An Indicator of Driver Personality.”

Sex, Sex, Paranoia, Hostility, and Sex
The Saturday early morning poster session delved further into the theme of “Social-Personality Psychology”. I saw a variety of interesting posters: “Situational Capture of Cardiovascular Arousal During an Erotic Episode”; “Machiavellian Differences on the Erotometer”; “Paranoia: Differences in Social Desirability”; and “Hostile Automatic Thoughts: A Validity Study.” Oh—and I shouldn’t forget to mention a crowd favorite: “Hair Stylists; Therapeutic Characteristics and Their Clients’ Levels of Self-Disclosure.” All in all, this session was a most interesting way to begin a Saturday.

And the 10:00 session was, if anything, even better. Its overall topic, “Stress and Coping”, was highlighted by two posters. The first, entitled “Sleep Quality and Anxiety Affect Distress Scores Measured During Finals”, was of special interest to students. The other, “Health Effects of the Interruption of an Emotional Writing Paradigm”, was of special interest to anyone who wanted to know what an Emotional Writing Paradigm is.

The noontime poster session dealt with “Education Psychology.” Three posters stood out from the bunch: “Introductory Psychology Activities Using Van Gogh as a Case Study”; “Predictors of Academic Procrastination in College Students”; and the dryly written yet riveting “Ethical Issues Involving Graduate Teaching Assistants.” A senior professor of my acquaintance saw me contemplating the “Ethical Issues” poster, and stage whispered “They should have called it ‘Can We Sleep Together?'”

Simulating Boredom
Saturday afternoon, Carl. N. Perlotto, M. Lyn Hoefer, and N. Clayton Silver of the University of Nevada at Las Vegas presented their paper “The Ludic Love Style: Difference in Sexual Boredom”. My courage failed me, so I did not attend their session.

I did manage to drop in, later, on the final poster session of the day, and so was able to learn about “Age-Related Differences in the Attentional Blink.”

Odor Ordinance, Ungrateful Dread, and Exeunt
Sunday, the final day of the convention, was a whirl of brunches and business card swapping. I caught Cheryl L. Asmus and Paul Bell’s 9:00 a.m. talk on “Post-Implementation of an Odor Ordinance,” and then zipped through the convention’s final poster session. It was there that I encountered the inspirational “Depressed Individuals Show No Gratitude.”

At that point I had to rush off to the hotel, grab my bags, and cab it to the airport, tired, laden with notes and trinkets, but grateful for the chance to have seen so many remarkable “psychological wonders”.

_____________________

This article is republished with permission from the September-October 1998 issue of the Annals of Improbable Research. You can purchase back issues of the magazine or subscribe to receive future issues, in printed or in ebook form. Or get a subscription for someone as a gift! Visit their website for more research that makes people LAUGH and then THINK.

GEORGE ORWELL’S FINAL WARNING

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Nineteen Eighty-Four is a novel by George Orwell published in 1949. It is a dystopian and satirical novel about Oceania, a society tyrannized by The Party and its totalitarian ideology. The Oceanian province of Airstrip One is a world of perpetual war, omnipresent government surveillance, and public mind control, dictated by a political system euphemistically named English Socialism (Ingsoc) under the control of a privileged Inner Party elite that persecutes all individualism and independent thinking as thoughtcrimes. Their tyranny is headed by Big Brother, the quasi-divine Party leader who enjoys an intense cult of personality, but whom may not even exist. Big Brother and the Party justify their rule in the name of a supposed greater good. The protagonist of the novel, Winston Smith, is a member of the Outer Party who works for the Ministry of Truth (Minitrue), which is responsible for propaganda and historical revisionism. His job is to re-write past newspaper articles so that the historical record always supports the current party line. Smith is a diligent and skilful worker, but he secretly hates the Party and dreams of rebellion against Big Brother.

As literary political fiction and as dystopian science-fiction, Nineteen Eighty-Four is a classic novel in content, plot, and style. Many of its terms and concepts, such as Big Brother, doublethink, thoughtcrime, Newspeak, and memory hole, have entered everyday use since its publication in 1949. Moreover, Nineteen Eighty-Four popularized the adjective Orwellian, which describes official deception, secret surveillance, and manipulation of the past by a totalitarian or authoritarian state. (Wikipedia.org)