"Who's them?"--The Lion, asking his companions about the soldiers marching into the fortress of the Wicked Witch of the West in 'The Wizard of Oz'
Do you know who (which specific person) is the exact source of information you read or hear? Like the Lion, do you ask "who's them?" before you accept information as being reliably true or false?
Information you read or hear is often from an unspecified source such as "the authorities" or "the experts" or "government sources". If the source of the information isn't precise, it's worse than worthless. It may be entirely contrived or purposefully misguiding.
Before you believe what you read in the newspaper do you determine the name of the reporter and the editor who dreamed up the story? Do you take a minute to figure out what their vested interest might be in writing the story? The story could be accurately reported; or it could be a completely fictional, spin-doctored fairy tale. It could be an outright fabrication, an intentionally destructive lie. It could be a paid-for cover-up of a hidden agenda, or merely an advertisement to sell you something.
The point is simple: just make sure the road map of the Yellow Brick Road you saw on television wasn't drawn by the Wicked Witch of the West before you go skipping off into a deep, dark forest full of Lions and Tigers and Bears and Flying Monkeys!
Our planet is overrun with self-appointed "authorities" on nearly any subject you can imagine. These so-called "authorities" do not have the right to evaluate information or make decisions for you. Movie or art critics are a good example. The only qualification a “critic” has for stating a viewpoint about a movie or work of art is that they are critical. Your viewpoint and opinion of a movie or work of art is the only important viewpoint.
Likewise, just because your mother, the Pope, the President, a psychiatrist (or any other mind-police), a television talk show host, the National Scandal Rag or the Good Witch of the North tells you something is true, doesn't make it true. Newspapers, television, politicians and preachers are notorious for spewing huge volumes of very convincing false information which serves highly dubious or nefarious purposes. Usually, the only purpose being served is their own."
-- Excerpt from THE OZ FACTORS, by Lawrence R. Spencer